How to Beat Ransomware Infection
Ransomware are kind of malicious program which deprive its victim to access their files on infected computer system. Ransomware works differently rather than other malware like adware, browser hijacker, Trojan etc. Between 2012 to 2013, crypto malware had introduced to computer users and since than Ransomware attack earned millions of dollars for its developers and numerous of computer users have been suffered. Many individuals and organizations have lost their data and important files due to ransomware attack on their computer. One of the most nasty ransomware CryptoWall, earned more than $18 million yet June 2015. After the era of CryptoWall, several other ransomware come in light with more developed file encryption features and anti removal methods. CryptoLocker, Tesla, Chimea, CoinVault, Shade, Rakhni, Rannoh, Petya, Locky and so on, cyber criminals have generated malicious codes for more twenty three thousands ransomware.
So malicious program authors (cyber criminals) have focused more on developing and distribution of more powerful ransomware program because it is more easy to make money then development of any other malware. It has a very simple methodology, first spread the ransomware infection over Internet and use all possible sources to plant the infection on computers of Internet users. Software bundling, email spoofing, hacked or illegal websites and bad practices by the computer users make distribution of Ransomware very easy. Also cyber security researchers tested several strategies to neutralized the effects of infection and still finding more secure strategies to beat ransomware.
Researchers Found New Prevention Strategies Against Ransomware
Researchers of CyberArk have get partial success in order to find new tricks to fight ransomware attacks on any computer system. On the basis of their research, they have concluded that removal of administrative rights and greylisting of software application works to prevent Ransomware attack if both are coupled together. Some other general caution by the computer users also help survive ransomware attacks which is as follows.
Tips To Avoid Ransomware Attacks
- Individuals and big organizations who spread crack version of expensive software and copyright protected applications, games etc. do not distribute due to kindness or in social welfare. Cyber criminals and evil organizations often works behind these “free bundled software” to make money. To prevent or beat ransomware infection which comes bundled with freeware, avoid downloading anything from untrusted Internet sources and pay attention to indications of threat. If your operating systems warns you about unsigned programs, you need to verify their legitimacy otherwise cancel the installation.
- Be careful of attachments from e-mail and chat services, especially if they contain attachments with file types associated with software such as .dmg, .exe or .jar, but also any form of unknown. Most of the time malware can bypass the antivirus software because the user specifically sets exceptions, most likely by following the instructions bundled with the illegal download.
- Where the malware infects a system without consciously performed by the user, the weaknesses in the operating system, browser or other software used. Always use and employ genuine latest updates for your OS and switch to a new computer system if your old one is no longer supported with current updates. Your browser, email client, and other software must be kept up to date all the time.
- There are probably a lot of unused software on your computer, and some of this software will be poorly maintained. For example, uninstalling Java, making Flash game by click (or remove it completely), and disabling the Microsoft Office macros will eliminate a lot of threats to your computer.
- Regularly backing up your data will not protect you from getting infected with ransomware, but it will make it much easier and cheaper for you to recover from it. If you regularly back up your data, you will find it easy to reinstall your operating system, which will remove ransomware (together the rest of your data) in the process. You can then restore the computer to a backup version before the ransomware took over your computer. Make sure you update all your systems before you restore your data and run a virus scan on your backup to ensure that malware is not hiding somewhere, ready to be activated again. To ensure ransomware is able to encrypt your backups, physically disconnect the backup drive after each backup.